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Private locations troubleshooting

The installation of a private location is fully automated and will leave you with an active container checkpoint that will keep itself up-to-date and is able to run measurements for monitors. This guide provides steps to help you verify your private location installation, smoke test your setup and how to troubleshoot any issues during or after the installation of a private location.

Verify private location installation

The first step is to verify if your private location is installed and set up correctly. The automated installation package is pre-configured and consists of three steps.

  • Installation of prerequisites (including a reboot if required).
  • Pulling the Uptrends container images from Azure.
  • Installation of the auto-run & auto-update tasks.

Installation of prerequisites

Three prerequisites for running the Uptrends container images are installed: the ‘Containers’ Windows feature, the Docker engine and Docker Compose. The installation of the Containers Windows feature may require a reboot for which a prompt will appear. The installation will continue automatically after this reboot (using a Scheduled Task).

If you want to check if these three items are installed correctly there are three commands to execute.

First, list all Windows features and check if this list includes ‘Containers’:

  1. Open a PowerShell console in admin mode.
  2. Go to the folder where the docker-compose.yml file lives and execute the following command Get-WindowsFeature | Where-Object {$_. installstate -eq "installed"}.
  3. Check if this list includes ‘Containers’

Second, check the output of the version of Docker:

  1. Open a PowerShell console in admin mode.
  2. Go to the folder where the docker-compose.yml file lives and execute the following command Docker -v.
  3. The result should read something like ‘Docker version 23.0.3, build 3e7cbfd’

Thirdly, check the output of the version of Docker Compose:

  1. Open a PowerShell console in admin mode.
  2. Go to the folder where the docker-compose.yml file lives and execute the following command Docker-compose -v.
  3. The result should read something like ‘Docker Compose version v2.17.2’

If you think anything is out of order you can refer to the installation script, install-checkpoint.ps1, and manually run the individual parts for the components above and examine the output.

Container images

If all three prerequisites above are in place the installation script will start to pull the Uptrends container images from Azure. These images are large since each includes a compressed installation of Windows Server. The download can take at least several minutes (20 minutes is common) depending on the network throughput. Parts of the images are re-used when updating so subsequent downloads will be faster. Once the downloading is done, you can verify this by running: docker images and expect to see three entries.

Pulling the images relies on the inner workings of Docker and is a robust process which can handle connections dropping. If downloading fails altogether the most expected cause is a (local) firewall preventing Docker from accessing the Azure Container Repository via azurecr.io, hosted by Microsoft.

To authenticate when pulling the images, the installation script will register credentials via Docker login. In case of issues with authentication you can navigate to the installation directory (the folder that contains install-checkpoint.ps1) and run these commands in powershell to:

Clear existing credentials, use the following command: Docker logout

Re-run registry-login.ps1 and examine the output of this command use the following command: .\registry-login.ps1

Auto-run and auto-updates

To keep the container checkpoints running a scheduled task is created to run the script start-containers.ps1 after startup of the server. To keep the container checkpoint Docker images up to date a second Scheduled Task is created to check for image updates on a regular interval. Check the output of the powershell command Get-ScheduledTask to verify if these tasks exist. They are called ‘Start Checkpoint Containers’ and ‘Update Checkpoint Images’.

You can use the Windows Scheduled Task user interface to further examine the tasks, run history and failures or manually trigger the task to troubleshoot. Again, in case of issues, use the installation script (install-checkpoint.ps1) to manually re-run this part of the installation if needed.


All server-specific configuration will be in the Docker-compose.yml config file. This file lists all three container images and their individual settings. This configuration file comes pre-filled with all necessary settings when it is being downloaded. Most important is the ServerId/Password combination that should be configured for all three of the container images listed in the file (meaning the same combination of credentials will be in the yml file thrice with the same values).

The ServerId and Password are unique to the container checkpoint. Multiple container checkpoint servers should never have the same ServerId.

The Docker Compose file can be used to configure checkpoint specific data protection policies and environment specific DNS rules.

Current status

After installation, the containers for all three images are started and these containers are expected to always be running. You can verify their status with the command docker ps and check the right-most column to see if the containers are indeed running. In case of issues use these commands to obtain log files for further diagnosis:

  • Get the current status for all containers Docker ps

  • Get the logs for the checkpoint (IIS) site container and dump to file Docker logs Checkpoint | Out-File Docker_CS.txt

  • Get the logs for the checkpoint relay container and dump to file Docker logs CheckpointRelay | Out-File Docker_CR.txt

  • Get the logs for the transaction processor container and dump to file Docker logs TransactionProcessor | Out-File Docker_TP.txt

  • Alternatively, get combined logs for all containers Docker-compose logs -t -n 5000 | Out-File Docker.txt

Smoke test your setup

Once container checkpoints are installed, they are immediately ready to run measurements. Uptrends' internal processes will automatically switch the maintenance status of a container checkpoint based on its health. A healthy checkpoint is switched to active, an unhealthy checkpoint to maintenance.

Checkpoints update their health each minute. Also, you can enable or disable checkpoints (for instance when doing maintenance or testing their setup) from the private locations UI in the Uptrends web application. The default state is ‘enabled’.

To smoke test a container checkpoint the most convenient way is by using the Test now button. Ideally you would do this for each monitor type you intend to run on it.

You can use the private locations' Checkpoint health to diagnose the status of unhealthy checkpoints.

Note that all measurements run ‘inside’ a container, you will not see a browser being started on the host machine when using the Test now button for an FPC or transaction.

Also note that when adding a checkpoint to an existing private location that is part of the checkpoint selection of active monitors, the new checkpoint will start doing measurements after the installation finishes. If that is undesired (for instance if you want to test first) you should disable the checkpoint in the Uptrends private locations section.

How to troubleshoot

Stop, start, or restart a set of containers

Restart containers associated with the Docker-compose.yaml file in the current directory. This often is the C:\uptrends\ folder:

  1. Open a PowerShell console in admin mode.
  2. Go to the folder where the docker-compose.yml file lives and execute one or all of the following commands.
  • To start type docker-compose up -d in the command-line.
  • To stop type docker-compose down in the command-line.
  • To restart type docker-compose restart in the command-line.
Tip, use the Docker help. For any of the commands you can learn more by using the docker - -help command. This command will display all commands with generic help for all the different commands. You can request help on a certain command, as well, by typing docker image - -help.

Managing running containers

To get a list of running containers execute the docker ps command. Here a containerId will be listed that can be used in other commands regarding this container.

To get a list of all local images run the command docker images Note the plural images, all commands targeting an image are ran against image (singular)

Images can get quite large, to free up some space you can use docker image prune to remove images no longer used by active containers. Or use docker image rm <containerid> to remove a specific container.

Getting cmd/shell access inside a container

Run this command to start a powershell or cmd process inside the container. This can be used to quickly read the file system inside the containers. Use commands Docker exec -i checkpoint powershell orDocker exec -i checkpoint cmd.

Are you not sure if you are inside or outside a container? Type winver in the Windows Command Prompt. If you are inside a container it will look like this:

winver : The term 'winver' is not recognized

If you are on the host the About Windows pop-up will show. If you want to exit the powershell or cmd session in the container, to get back to the host, use Ctrl+C.

Reading log output

  1. Open a PowerShell console in admin mode.
  2. Go to the folder where the docker-compose.yml file lives and execute one of the following commands.
  • Log output type Docker-compose logs -t -n 5000 in the command-line.
  • Or when you want to output this to a file containerlogs.log type Docker-compose logs -t -n 5000 > containerlogs.log


On startup Docker will create a virtual network on the host to which the containers are attached and get an IP address. You can view existing networks in powershell with docker network ls and a specific network with docker network inspect <<network name>>. To find the network a container is in use docker inspect <<container name>> (and docker ps to find container names).

All three Uptrends Docker containers (Checkpoint, CheckpointRelay, TransactionProcessor) need to be able to connect to Uptrends via probemaster1.uptrends.com and probemaster2.uptrends.com. Both the Checkpoint and CheckpointRelay containers need to be able to connect to the customers applications under test.

DNS issues

A common cause of connectivity issues is DNS resolving. For troubleshooting you can follow these steps:

  1. On the host, nslookup probemaster1.uptrends.com should return If it doesn’t the containers will not be able to connect to Uptrends.

  2. Given that the containers are running (check with docker ps), enter a powershell session in a container: docker exec -i Checkpoint powershell.exe.

  3. Once inside the container, nslookup probemaster1.uptrends.com should again return If that succeeds the container should be able to reach the Uptrends cloud platform.

  4. Try the same for a hostname of an internal application, like nslookup <<name application>>, and verify the returned IP. If this times out, the application will not be reachable from the container (and thus cannot be monitored).

If any of these steps fail, you can try:

  • Compare ipconfig from the host and from inside a container (docker exec -i Checkpoint powershell.exe to get a powershell session inside the Checkpoint container) and verify the configured DNS server(s).

Try specifying a public DNS like (Google) when doing a nslookup like so: nslookup probemaster1.uptrends.com, if it functions correctly when not using the public DNS' IP address, but encounters issues when it is absent, there may be a problem with DNS resolving. Do note that using as DNS server in production is not desired since that will not be able to resolve internal applications.

Specify specific DNS server(s) in the compose file as shown in the code below. Remember to do this for all three containers in the yaml file.

    container_name: CheckpointRelay
    image: uptrends.azurecr.io/win2022/checkpoint-relay
        condition: always
      - Checkpoint
      - TransactionProcessor
      driver: local
      - ServerId=10385
      - Password=b9xvWXby8IR+zSWnutKNGqvqHm2oAImo

Fill in the IP addresses of the DNS servers you wish to use. You can test these against probemaster1.uptrends.com as well as the hostname using nslookup. Remember to do so from within a container.

You may need to allow DNS requests originating from the Docker containers in case your DNS servers make use of an allow-list. If you are running container checkpoints on a cloud platform such as Google Cloud, AWS or Azure, additional configuration may be required to ensure connectivity from within the Docker containers.

Still not working?

If at any time during the troubleshooting process you don’t understand something or have a question, please communicate your questions or concerns to Uptrends by opening a support ticket. We will get back to you quickly.

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